FAITH AND INFIDELITY IN THE CONTEXT OF THE NOTION SYSTEM IN THE WORKS BY MAHMUD SHABISTARI

  • Andrey Lukashev Russian Academy of Sciences

Abstract

The main thesis of the article is that the matter of religious tolerance in the works by a concrete author shall be researched in a wider context of his worldview. An author’s worldview can be reconstructed at the basis of his texts, and the consistency in the main notions’ propositions can unveil the consistency of his thought. The research is based mainly on the works by one of the most prominent medieval Persian Sufi writers – Mahmud Shabistari (1288–1321). For the matter of religious tolerance is a very important part of his worldview, the research of general logic of his worldview structure will help us to see the reason of his special approach to interpret the matter of faith and infidelity. Hence, in the first part of the paper we show the propositions that link the main notions of Shabistari’s worldview together and reconstruct in general the consistence of his worldview on the basis of the researched notion system. In the second part of the paper, we use the obtained results to interpret the poet’s idea of the faith and infidelity relation in the context of his worldview.

Keywords: Tasawwuf, Mahmud Shabistari, tolerance, notion system, faith, infidelity, iman, kufr, Gulshan-I raz

References

Attar Farid ad-Din, The conference of the birds, tr. by Wolpe Sholeh, New York, London, 2017.

Ibn Arabi, Izbrannoe, tr. by Smirnov A., Moscow, 2015.

Jukovskiy V.A., “Pesni Heratskogo startsa”, in: Vostochnie zametki, Saint-Petersburg, 1895.

Woodward Mark, Sani Umar Muhammad, Rohmaniyah Inayah and Yahya Mariani, Salafi Violence and Sufi Tolerance? Rethinking Conventional Wisdom, Perspectives on Terrorism, Vol. 7, No. 6, 2013.

Prabhakar Monika, “Hindu Support of Sufism against Islamic Terrorism”, in: Responses of Mysticism to Religious terrorism Sufism and Beyond, Oud-Turnhout, 2020.

Shabistari Sa’d ud Din Mahmud, Gulshan i Raz: The Mystic Rose Garden, London, 1880.

Manzoor Seema, Aslam Shah Nasreen, Manzoor Asma, Sufism as a Global Highway to Peace, Iḥyāʾalʿulūm - Journal of Department of Quran o Sunnahin, Vol. 19, 2019.

Shabistari Mahmud bin ‘Abd al-Karim, Haqq al-yaqin fi ma‘arifat rabb al-alamin, Tehran, 1380.

Shabistari Shaikh Mahmud, Gulshan-I raz. Matn wa sharh bar asas-i qadimtarin va muhimtarin shuruh-i Gulshan-i raz, Tehran, 1389.

Published
2020-03-30
Section
TOPIC OF THIS ISSUE