DOES THE IDEA OF GOD BELONG IN POLITICS? A RESPONSE TO THE “POLITICAL LIBERALISM” OF JOHN RAWLS

Main Article Content

L. Scott Smith

Abstract

This is a polemical essay providing an historical and cultural analysis of John Rawls’s political liberalism, and arguing that the “original position” in his philosophy is not only hypothetical, but also unrealistic by virtue of ignoring comprehensive religious and philosophical points of view. Rawls attempts to derive the ideas of liberty, equality, and fraternity from a mere thought experiment withoutconsidering the foundational role of the Christian religion, which was instrumental in the birth and refinement of these ideas.

Article Details

How to Cite
SMITH, L. Scott. DOES THE IDEA OF GOD BELONG IN POLITICS? A RESPONSE TO THE “POLITICAL LIBERALISM” OF JOHN RAWLS. Politics and Religion Journal, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 2, p. 265-284, nov. 2018. ISSN 1820-659X. Available at: <https://politicsandreligionjournal.com/index.php/prj/article/view/323>. Date accessed: 12 dec. 2018.
Section
ANALYSES

References

Aristotle, The Politics, Translated by T.A. Sinclair, Penguin Books, 1962.
Boyd Richard, Uncivil Society: The Perils of Pluralism and the Making of Modern Liberalism, Lexington Books, 2004.
Butler Jon, Becoming America, Harvard University Press, 2000.
Coleman John A, “Deprivatizing Religion and Revitalizing Citizenshiop”, in: Religion and Contemporary Liberalism, Notre Dame University Press, 1997.
Coulanges Numa Denis Fustel de, The Ancient City, The Johns Hopkins Press, 1980.
Dawson Christopher, Religion and Culture, The Catholic University Press of America, 2013.
Dombrowski Daniel A, Rawls and Religion, State University of New York Press, 2001.
Dreisbach Daniel L, Thomas Jefferson and the Wall of Separation Between Church and State, The New York University Press, 2002.
Eck Diana, A New Religious America: How a “Christian Country” Has Become the World’s Most Religiously Diverse Nation, HarperCollins Paperback Edition, 2002.
Elshtain Jean, “The Question Concerning Authority”, in: Religion and Contemporary Liberalism, Paul J. Weithman (ed.), Notre Dame University Press, 1997.
Hamburger Philip, Separation of Church and State, Harvard University Press, 2002.
Hartshorne Charles, Beyond Humanism, University of Nebraska Press, 1937.
Herberg Will, Protestant - Catholic – Jew, Anchor Books, 1960.
Himmelfarb Gertrude, The De-Moralizatio of Society, Vintage Books, 1994.
Hollenbach David, “Politically Active Churches: Some Empirical Prolegomena to a Normative Approach”, in: Religion and Contemporary Liberalism, Notre Dame University Press, 1997.
Huntington Samuel P, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. Simon & Schuster Paperbacks, 1996.
Huntington Samuel P, Who Are We?, Simon & Schuster Paperbacks, 2004.
Jevtic Miroljub, Political Science and Religion, Politics and Religion Journal, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2007.
Kaplan Robert D, Fort Leavenworth and the Eclipse of Nationhood, Atlantic Monthly, Vol. 278, 1996.
Kirk Russell, America’s British Culture, Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick, 1993.
Kirl Russell, The Roots of American Order, ISI Books, Wilmington, 2003.
Moore Isaac Kramnick and Laurence, The Godless Constitution, W.W. Norton, 2005.
Murphy, Robert C. Solomon & Marck C, ed. What is Justice?, Oxford University Press, 1990.
Oakeshott Michael, On Human Conduct, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1975.
Pew Research Center. Modern Immigration Wave Brings 59 Million to U.S, Driving Population Growth and Change Through 2-65. September 28, 2015.
http://www.pewhispanic.org/2015/09/28/modern-immigration-wave-brings-59-million-to-u-s-driving-population-growth-and-cange-through-2065/.(accessed January 15, 2018).
Rawls John, A Theory of Justice. Cambridge: The Belknap Press, 1971.
Rawls John, Political Liberalism, Columbia University Press, 1996.
Sandoz Ellis, ed. Political Sermons of the America Founding Era, 1730-1805, 2 volumes, Indianapolis, Liberty Fund, 1998.
Schaff Philip, America: A Sketch of Its Political, Social, and Religious Character, Harvard University Press, 1961.
Schlesinger Arthur M. Jr, The Disuniting of America: Reflections on a Multicultural Society, W. W. Norton, 1998.
Siedentop Larry, Inventing the Individual: The Origins of Western Liberalism, The Belknap Press, 2014.
Smith L. Scott, Christian Ideas as “Nonsense: The Continuing Legacy of Kant’s Worldview, Process Studies, Vol. 46, No. 2, 2017.
Stark Rodney, How the West Won: The Neglected Story of thge Triumph of Modernity, ISI Books, Wilmington, 2014.
Woods Thomas E, Jr, How the Catholic Church Built Western Civilization, Regnery Publishing, Inc, Washington, 2005.
Tushnet Mark, The Dilemmas of Liberal Constitutionalism, Ohio State Law Journal, Vol. 42, 1981.
Whitehead Alfred North, Process and Reality, The Free Press, 1969.
Wolterstorff Nicholas, “Why We Should Reject What Liberalism Tells Us about Speaking and Acting in Public for Religious Reasons”, in: Religion and Contemporary Liberalism, edited by Paul J. Weithman, Notre Dame University Press, 1997.
Wuthnow Robert, America and the Challenges of Religious Diversity, Princeton University Press, 2005.