U.S. CATHOLIC BISHOPS’ VOTING GUIDELINES: FAITHFUL CITIZENSHIP AS A RESOURCE FOR POLITICAL ENGAGEMENT
Keywords:Faithful Citizenship, political engagement, Catholicism, theology, publicness
Beyond offering guidelines for voting, Faithful Citizenship represents an attempt by the U.S. Catholic bishops to articulate a theological vision of political engagement. One may examine the theological vision of Faithful Citizenship according to three textual viewpoints: what it says (content); theological understandings (problematics); and possibilities for conceptual development (implications). Addressing the dynamics of political engagement in contemporary society is a complex task. While this analysis maintains that Faithful Citizenship constitutes a useful conceptual resource insofar as signaling the basic theological terms of Catholic political engagement, there are areas of conceptual underdevelopment. Accordingly, the analysis suggests paths toward a deeper conceptual engagement with political philosophy, especially understandings of constitutional democracy.
Alpers Christiane, “Public Opposition to Ecclesial Involvement in Secular Politics: Schillebeeckx’s Grace-Optimism as a Response to Public Theology and Radical Orthodoxy”, in: Salvation in the World: The Crossroads of Public Theology, Stephan van Erp, Christopher Cimorelli, and Christiane Alpers (eds.), T&T Clark, New York, 2017.
Anderson Owen, The Declaration of Independence and God, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2017.
Antkowiak Laura S., Levi G. Allen, and Geoffrey C. Layman, Coping with Cross-Pressures: The Seamless Garment in Catholic Political Behavior, Political Psychology, Vol. 42, No. 1, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1111/pops.12796
Barak Aharon, Human Dignity: The Constitutional Value and the Constitutional Right, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2015.
Baynes Kenneth, The Normative Grounds of Social Criticism: Kant, Rawls, Habermas, SUNY Press, Albany, 1992.
Boff Leonardo, Church: Charism and Power – Liberation Theology and the Institutional Church, Wipf and Stock, Eugene, 2012.
Carr John, Faithful Citizenship: History, Context, Directions, Dangers, Journal of Religion and Society, Vol. 10, No. 4, 2008.
Christiano Thomas, The Authority of Democracy, The Journal of Political Philosophy, Vol. 12, No. 3, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9760.2004.00200.x
Cloutier David, The Real Problem with Faithful Citizenship, https://www.commonwealmagazine.org/real-problem-faithful-citizenship (accessed March 1, 2023).
D’Antonio William V., Michelle Dillon, and Mary L. Gautier, American Catholics in Transition, Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc., Lanham, 2013.
Dietrich Donald J., Human Rights and the Catholic Tradition, Routledge, New York, 2017.
Duffy Stephen J., The Dynamics of Grace: Perspectives in Theological Anthropology, Wipf and Stock, Eugene, 2007.
Farley Edward, Good and Evil: Interpreting a Human Condition, Fortress Press, Minneapolis, 1990.
Gamwell Franklin, The Meaning of Religious Freedom, SUNY Press, Albany, 1995.
Gleason Philip, “American Catholic and Liberalism, 1789-1960”, in: Catholicism and Liberalism: Contributions to American Public Policy, R. Bruce Douglass and David Hollenbach (eds.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1994. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511627965
Gordon Peter E., Between Christian Democracy and Critical Theory: Habermas, Böckenförde, and the Dialectics of Secularization in Postwar Germany, Social Research, Vol. 80, No. 1, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1353/sor.2013.0026
Graber Mark A, “What’s in Crisis? The Postwar Constitutional Paradigm, Transformative Constitutionalism, and the Fate of Constitutional Democracy”, in: Constitutional Democracy in Crisis?, Mark A. Graber, Sanford Levinson, and Mark Tushnet (eds.), Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2018.
Graham Elaine, Between a Rock and a Hard Place: Public Theology in a Post-Secular Age, SCM Press, Norwich, 2013.
Greenawalt Kent, Individual Conscience and How It Should Be Treated, Journal of Law and Religion, Vol. 31, No. 3, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1017/jlr.2016.40
Habermas Jurgen, Between Naturalism and Religion: Philosophical Essays (trans. Ciaran Cronin), Polity Press, Cambridge, 2008.
Haight Roger, The Birth of American Catholic Theology, Theological Studies, Vol. 80, No. 1, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1177/0040563918819801
Haker Hille, Towards a Critical Political Ethics: Catholic Ethics and Social Ethics, Schwabe Verlag, Basel, 2020.
Hehir J. Bryan, “The Church and the Political Order: The Role of the Catholic Bishops in the United States”, in: The Catholic Church, Morality and Politics, Charles E. Curran and Leslie Griffin (eds.), Paulist Press, Mahwah, 2001.
Hopper Leon J., The Ethics of Discourse: The Social Philosophy of John Courtney Murray, Georgetown University Press, Washington, D.C., 1986.
Hvidt Niels Christian, Christian Prophecy: The Post-Biblical Tradition, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2007.
Ifergan Pini, Cutting to the Chase: Carl Schmitt and Hans Blumenberg on Political Theology and Secularization, New German Critique, No. 111, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1215/0094033X-2010-018
Jacobs-Vandegeer Christiaan, Insight into the Better Argument: Habermas and Lonergan, Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia, Vol. 63, No. 4, 2007.
Kaveny Cathleen, “Voting for People, Not Just Policies”, Commonwealth Magazine, September 26, 2016. Available at: https://www.commonwealmagazine.org/voting-people-not-just-policies (accessed March 1, 2023).
Kloppenberg James T, The Virtues of Liberalism: Christianity, Republicanism, and Ethics in Early American Political Discourse, The Journal of American History, Vol. 74, No. 1, 1987. https://doi.org/10.2307/1908503
Lefort Claude, “The Permanence of the Theologico-Political?”, in: Public Theologies: Public Religions in a Post-Secular World, Hent de Vries and Lawrence Eugene Sullivan (eds.), Fordham University Press, New York, 2006. https://doi.org/10.5422/fso/9780823226443.003.0007
Lippy Charles H., Pluralism Comes of Age: American Religious Culture in the Twentieth Century, Routledge, New York, 2015.
Mannion Gerard, Ecclesiology and Postmodernity: Questions for the Church in Our Time, Liturgical Press, Collegeville, 2017.
McDonough Peter, The Catholic Labyrinth: Power, Apathy, and a Passion for Reform in the American Church, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2013.
McGarvie Mark Douglas, Law and Religion in American History: Public Values and Private Conscience, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2016.
Metz Johann Baptist (trans. J. Matthew Ashley), A Passion for God: The Mystical-Political Dimension of Christianity, Paulist Press, Mahwah, 1997.
Michelman Frank I., Postmodernism, Proceduralism, and Constitutional Justice: A Comment on van Der Walt and Botha, Constellations, Vol. 9, No. 2, 2002. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8675.00278
Millies Steven, “Big problem for US Catholic voters: US Catholic bishops”, The Hill, January 1, 2023. Available at: https://thehill.com/opinion/3794485-big-problem-for-us-catholic-voters-us-catholic-bishops (accessed March 1, 2023).
Moore R. Laurence, Religious Outsiders and the Making of Americans, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1986.
Neoh Joshua, Law, Love and Freedom: From the Sacred to the Secular, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2021.
O’Meara Thomas, Theology of Ministry, Paulist Press, Mahwah, 1999.
Orren Karen and Stephen Skowronek, Have We Abandoned a “Constitutional Perspective” On American Political Development?, The Review of Politics, Vol. 73, No. 2, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0034670511000088
Prusak Bernard P., The Church Unfinished: Ecclesiology through the Centuries, Paulist Press, Mahwah, 2004.
Reese Thomas J., A Flock of Shepherds: The National Conference of Catholic Bishops, Sheed & Ward, Kansas City, 1992.
Rosenfeld Michel, The Identity of the Constitutional Subject: Selfhood, Citizenship, Culture, and Community, Routledge, New York, 2010.
Ross Susan A., Anthropology: Seeking Light and Beauty, Liturgical Press, Collegeville, 2012.
Sachs John R, The Christian Vision of Humanity, Liturgical Press, Collegeville, 2017.
Schussler Fiorenza Francis, Foundational Theology: Jesus and the Church, Crossroad, New York, 1992.
Sigmund Paul E., The Catholic Tradition and Modern Democracy, The Review of Politics, Vol. 49, No. 4, 1987.
Simmons A. John, Justification and Legitimacy, Ethics Vol. 109, No. 4, 1999. https://doi.org/10.1086/233944
Sitman Matthew, “Preeminent? The Bishops Miss the Mark on Faithful Citizenship”, Commonwealth Magazine, November 21, 2019. Available at: https://www.commonwealmagazine.org/preeminent (accessed March 1, 2023).
Taves Ann, From Religious Studies to Worldview Studies, Religion, Vol. 50, No. 1, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1080/0048721X.2019.1681124
Weinrib Jacob, The Modern Constitutional State: A Defence, Queen’s Law Journal, Vol. 40, No. 1, 2014.
“Forming Consciences for Faithful Citizenship”, USCCB. Available at: https://www.usccb.org/offices/justice-peace-human-development/forming-consciences-faithful-citizenship (accessed November 22, 2022)