GLOBAL ORGANIZATIONS IN MUSLIM WORLD: ORIGINS AND EVOLUTION
After its victory over Greece and the Treaty of Lausanne, the Turkish Republic declared its inability to bear the responsibility for Muslims. For the second time in the history of Islam, the Muslim World found itself without an institution representing them, speaking on their behalf, and defending their causes. This resounding collapse of historic Ottoman Caliphate caused peaceful and violent reactions from time to time, which continues to echo in the horizons of the Muslim World as of today. This paper explores efforts made by the governments of the Muslim majority countries and their peoples through popular and governmental conferences, with the aim of establishing global/ international organizations with legal status that includes representatives of Muslim countries and communities, and work to support Muslim solidarity and unity.
Ahsan Abdullah, Organization of the Islamic Conference: A Study of an Islamic Policy Institution, translated by Abdulaziz Al-Fayez, Al-Farazdaq Commercial Printing Press, Riyadh, 1990.
Al-Qibla Newspaper, 1 December, 1923.
Al-Qibla Newspaper, 6 March 1924.
Al-Turki Abdulah Bin Abdulmohsen, The Muslim World League in 25 Years: Achievements and Aspirations 1962-1987, The League Press, Mecca, 1988.
Ardıç Nurullah, Islam and the Politics of Secularism: The Caliphate and Middle Eastern Modernization in the Early 20th Century, Routledge, New York, 2012.
Dunia Al-Watan Newspaper, 7 December 2017.
Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu, The Islamic World and the Challenges of the Twentieth Century, Dar Al-Shourok, Beirut, 2013.
Lybyer Howe Albert, A Moslem League of Nations, Current History, Vol. 25, No. 2, 1926.
Mahafza Ali, The Arabs and the Contemporary World, Dar Al Shorouk for Publishing and Distribution, Amman, 2009.
Nasri Masri, Controversy over the Islamic Conference in Jerusalem in 1931, Cultural Papers: The Journal of Arts and Human Sciences, Vol. 1, No. 5, 2020.
New York Times, 22 March 1924.
Organization of the Islamic Conference, Al Moqatel website, available at: http://www.moqatel.com/openshare/Behoth/Monzmat3/MotmrIslam/sec01.doc_cvt.htm (accessed: September 10, 2020).
Rida Rashid Muhammad, “The Caliphate Conference”, Al-Manar Magazine, 10 March 1926.
Copyright (c) 2022 Bashir Ahmad Ansari, Amer Abdulwahab Murshed
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.