RELIGION, POLITICS AND CULTURE IN SPAIN: TOWARDS A HISTORICAL SOCIOLOGY OF THEIR DIFFERENTIATION AND THEIR RELATIONS

  • Alfonso Pérez-Agote Universidad Complutense, Spain

Abstract

The historical process of modernisation of western European countries culminates in a specific form of relationship between collective identity and political legitimacy. This article is an attempt to analyse the particularities of the Spanish case. The author uses the analytical instruments provided by the social differentiation theory and historical sociology, which allows removing any teleological pretence from the secularisation theory. In relation to the Spanish case, the author shows: the late but swift character of the population’s subjective secularisation; the unfinished character of the separation between Church and State; and finally, the contemporary coincidence of the last process with the loss of the cultural religious roots of the autochthonous population and with the arrival of population whose religion is not so differentiated from their culture.

Keywords: Religion, Politics, Culture, Secularisation, Social Differentiation, Political Legitimacy, Religious Plurality, Spain

References

Álvarez Junco, José, Mater Dolorosa. La idea de España en el siglo XIX, Taurus, Madrid, 2001.
Berger, Peter L. (dir.), Le réenchantement du monde, Paris, Bayard, 2001.
Callahan, William J., Iglesia, poder y sociedad en España, 1750- 1874, Madrid, Nerea, 1989.
Cámara Villar, G., Nacional-catolicismo y escuela. La socialización política del franquismo(1936-1951), Madrid, Editorial Hesperia, 1984.
Davie, Grace, “Believing without Belonging: It is the Future of Religion in Britain?”, Social Compass, 37(4), 1990.
Davie, G., Religion in Britain since 1945. Believing without Belonging, Oxford, Blackwell Publishers, 1994.
Davie,G., «Europe: L’exception qui confirme la règle» in Berger (dir.), 2001.
Davie, G., The Sociology of Religion, London, Sage, 2007.
Díaz Salazar, R., “La transición religiosa de los españoles”, in: Díaz Salazar, R. y Giner, S. (eds.), 1993.
Díaz Salazar, R. y Giner, S. (eds.), Religión y sociedad en España, Madrid, Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas, 1993.
Dobbelaere, K., Secularization: An Analysis at Three Levels, P.I.E.-Peter Lang, Brussels, 2002.
Dore R., “Sovereign individuals”, En: Hall JA, Jarvie IC (eds.), Transition to Modernity: Essays on Power, Wealth and Belief, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Eisenstadt, S.N., „Multiple Modernities in an Age of Globalization“, Verhandlungen des 29 Kongressers der Deutschen Gessellschaft fur Soziologie, 1998.
Eisenstadt, S.N., «Multiple Modernities», Daedalus, vol. 129, no. 1, Winter, 2000.
Eisenstadt, S.N., “The Contemporary Religious Sphere in the Context of Multiple Modernities”, 1st Meeting of Eurosecularity Project, Berlin, 2001.
Fundación Santa María, Jóvenes españoles 2005, Madrid, 2006.
Hermet, G., Los católicos en la España franquista. II Crónica de una dictadura , Madrid, Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas, 1986.
Hervieu-Léger, D., «La religion des européens: modernité, religion, sécularisation», in : Davie,G. & Hervieu-Léger, D. (dir.), Identités religieuses en Europe, Paris, La Découverte, 1996.
Hervieu-Léger, D.,»Faut-il continuer à débattre de la ‘sécularisation’ ? “, 1st Meeting of Eurosecularity Project, celebrado en Berlin en 2001; multigrafiado.
Hervieu-Léger, D., Catholicisme, la fin d’un monde, Paris, Bayard, 2003
Jutglar , A., Ideologías y clases en la España contemporánea (1874-1931)(vol 2), Madrid, Edicusa, 1973.
Linz, J. J., “Religión y política en España” in: Díaz Salazar , Giner (eds.), 1993.
Luckmann, T., La religión invisible. El problema de la religión en la sociedad moderna, Salamanca, Sígueme, 1973.
Martin, D., A General Theory of Secularization , New York, Harper, 1979.
Moya, C., El poder económico en España (1939-1975), Madrid, Túcar, 1975.
Pérez-Agote, A., “ Contemporary Changes in the Processes of Social Differentiation: Towards an Analytical Version of the Theory”, in: Roland Robertson, Dido Buhari-Gulmez &John Simpson The Art and Science of Sociology, Anthem Press, London-NewYork-Delhi. (forthcoming)
Pérez-Agote, Cambio religioso en España: los avatares de la secularización, Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas, Madrid, 2012.
Pérez-Agote (dir.), Portraits du catholicisme. Une comparaison européenne, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, Rennes, 2012.
Alfonso Pérez-Agote,The notion of secularization: Drawing the boundaries of its contemporary scientific validity, Current Sociology, 62, 2014.
Pérez-Agote, A. y: J. Santiago, La nueva pluralidad religiosa, Madrid, Ministerio de Justicia, 2009.
Pérez-Agote & K. Dobbelaere (Eds.), The Intimate. Polity and the Catholic Church, Leuven University Press, Leuven, 2015.
Pérez-Agote, A., Santiago, J. And Montañés, A., “The Catholic Church Faces Ethical Challenges in Spain. The regulation of abortion”, in :Dobbelaere & Pérez-Agote (eds.), 2015.
Piñol, J. M., ; La transición democrática de la Iglesia católica española, Madrid, Trotta, 1999.
Solé y Turá,, J., Aja, E., Constitucioenes y periodos constituyentes en España (1808-1936), Madrid, Siglo XXI, 1997.
Stasi: Commission de reflexion sur l’application du principe de laicité dans la République, Rapport au Président de la République, 11 décembre 2003.
Tilly, C., Coerción, capital y los Estados europeos. 990-1990, Madrid, Alianza, 1992.
Weber, M., La Etica Protestante y el Espíritu del Capitalismo, Barcelona, Península, 1979
Published
2016-12-27
Section
TOPIC OF THIS ISSUE