SACRED RIVERS: ENERGY RESOURCES AND PEOPLE’S POWER

  • Susan Visvanathan Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India

Abstract

This paper is concerned with the way energy requirements in the last three decades have seen a response from local communities who wish to express their love and longing for traditional occupations. Agriculture is a multi-faceted representation, and riverine civilisations have epitomised the relation between land, labour and production not just as a relation with technology and culture, but also in terms of the symbols of the sacred. With large scale over utilisation of resources and a lack of vision, the rivers are polluted. People’s movements draw on the work of scientists and those working in the Arts, including the Humanities and the Social Sciences to draw attention to the way in which petitions and protests communicate that politics is not merely about imposing ‘the good vision from above’ but is an interplay between the political, the legal, the socio-religious, the secular and the economic. In a democracy, politics is essentially about dialogue, and the rate of industrialisation may well be mediated by the power of the greens and environment movements, which have learnt their lessons from genocide of peasantry and tribals, and the mass exploitation of the resources of nature. The Sociologist attempts to document some of the shifts and evolving positions in this ongoing debate in India.

Keywords: rivers, hydroelectricity, pollution, save Ganga movements, phage, Benaras, Tehri, Kerala, Tamilnadu dam resistance and colonialism, socialism, people’s movements, capitalism and conspicuous consumptions

References

Baviskar Amita 1995:In the Belly of the River, Oxford University Press, Delhi, 2003: Riverlines, Penguin Books, Delhi.
Babu, J Manoj, Shamal Mandal, Bandana Mahto and Sudha Goel : Emerging Contaminants in Ganga River basin with special emphasis on pesticides. (internet report)
Beckett, Jane 2001 In the Bleaching Field: Gender, Landscape and Modernity in the Netherlands 1880-1920 in
Gendering Landscape Art, ed Steven Adams and Anna Gruetzner Robins, Rutgers University Press, New Jersey
Eck, Diana 2003: Ganga: The Goddess Ganges in Hindu Sacred Geography in Amita Baviskar, Waterlines, Penguin Books, Delhi.
Dodge, Martin, Rob Kitchin and Chris Perkins 2009: Rethinking Maps Routledge and Kegan Paul,Abingdon and New York.
Ghatwai, Milind 2012: The Means to Block or Release a Dam, The Indian Express September 19th.
Harvey, David 2001: Spaces of Capital, Towards a Critical Geography Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh
Irschick, Eugene F, 1994: Dialogue and History, Constructing South India, 1795-1895 Oxford University Press, Delhi
Jevtic, Miroljub, Political Science and Religion, Politics and Religion Journal, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2007.
Jevtic Miroljub, Religion and Relations between Genders, Politics and Religion Journal, Vol. 2, No.1, 2008.
Mines, Diane P and Yazgi, Nicolas, 2010,Village Matters. OUP, New Delhi.
Pandian, Anand 1993: An Ode to an Engineer in Amita Baviskar (ed) 1993 Riverlines, Penguin Books Delhi.
Philip, Shaju 2012: Why FDI Retail No-Go In State That Earns Well, Spends Better. Indian Express September 19th
Rashid C.A Industrial pollution and people’s struggle: a case study of Eloor, Kerala” (unpublished Mphil dissertataion,JNU 2010),
Raju, Suvrat and M.V, Ramana 2012: Where the Mind is Full of Fear, The Hindu. September 19th
Singh, Ravi Nandan 2010: Representations of Death in Benaras (unpublished Phd thesis submitted to Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi)
Visvanathan, Susan 1994: The Fishing Struggle in India, Seminar November.
Visvanathan, Susan, 2000: Workers of the Sea. Seminar Annual, January
Visvanathan, Susan, 2009 Foresters and New Orientations to Survival in Indian Journal of Human development. 3. (1) January- June
Visvanathan, Susan ,2010 The Children of Nature: The Life and Legacy of Ramana Maharshi. New Delhi: Roli Lotus Press.
2010a. Forestation and New Educational Practices in Living Together, Symposium on Intercultural Dialogus:Problem Posed by Ramin Jahanbegloo, published in (610) June 2010.
Indian express web page 30th August 2009 New Refineries likely in Barmer.
Published
2017-01-09
Section
TOPIC OF THIS ISSUE